An accreditation accord is a mutual recognition agreement by which two or more accrediting bodies agree to recognize the accreditation credentials of each other. If program A was declared accredited until 2027 by Accrediting Body x and if both Accrediting Body x and Accrediting Body y are members of the same accreditation accord then Accrediting Body y will also consider program A accredited until 2027. An example is the Washington Accord for engineering degree programs, which has about 20 members at present.
Several accords have been signed over the last half century on accreditation in engineering, engineering technology and computing. They have been gaining new members every decade since they were first established.
Certain coalitions of accrediting bodies have given their members (which are accrediting agencies) authorization to award a label to their accredited engineering degree programs. The label is a certificate of quality awarded to degree programmes in Engineering. The best known of those is the EUR-ACE label (EURopean- ACcredited Engineer) authorized to members of the European Network for Accreditation of Engineering Education (ENAEE).
In addition, labels have been developed which help provide guidelines for program content and structure, and can be awarded by those accrediting bodies which agree and are deemed able to apply the label to their accredited programs.
Over the years there have been many meetings and declarations that have helped advance the current state of global engineering and computing program accreditation. The best known among these is the Bologna Declaration, a joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education, stating their intent to harmonize academic accreditation processes over a wide geographical area encompassing most of the continent of Europe.
The motivation behind these accords, labels, and events is the growing desire to ascertain that degrees of graduates from programs in one country or region are recognized in another. Nevertheless most of the accreditation accords are still between accrediting bodies, not between countries.
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